An evaluation for meaning in life by DEMATEL method

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Computer Engineering and Information Technology, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

2 MSC degree in Positive Psychology

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the seven major sources of the importance of meaning and
purpose in life proposed on the world, namely; cross-culturally, including achievement, acceptance, relationship, intimacy, religion, self-trancedence, and fairness. Here, the effect of seven major resources on each other is measured using the opinion of experts for adolescent girls in brilliant talent high schools in Qom. In this research measures of influence effect and effect on life is expected. By applying the DEMATEL method its concluded that factors of meaning and purpose in life are ordered. Finally, strategies for brilliant talent high schools are presented.

Keywords


[1] M. Azgoli, An Introduction to the Typology and Definition of Trancedence Concept in Some Humanistic Schools, Journal of
Research in Human Resources Management, 4(2) 2013.
[2] L.S. Covey, A.H. Glassman, F. Stetner, Cigarette smoking and major depression, Journal of addictive diseases, 17(1) 1998,
35-46.
[3] M. Csikszentmihalyi, Flow:The Classic Work on How to Achieve Happiness, New York: Harper & Row, 2000.
[4] E. Diener, E.M. Suh, R.E. Lucas, H.L. Smith, Subjective wellbeing: three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2)
1999, 276.
[5] B. Fredrickson, Positivity: Groundbreaking Research Reveals how to Embrace the Hidden Strength of Positive Emotions,
Overcome Negativity, and Thrive, New York: Crown, 2009.
[6] H. Green, A. McGinnity, H. Meltzer, T. Ford, R. Goodman, Mental Health of Children and Young People in Great Britain
2004. London: Office for National Statistics, 2005.
[7] K. Hafferon, BoniwellI, Positive Psychology Theory, Research and Applications, Mc Graw Hill, 2011.
[8] V. Huta, N. Park, C. Peterson, M. E. P. Seligman, pursuing pleasure versus eudaimonia: which leads to greater
satisfaction? Poster presented at the International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC, 2003.
[9] T.B. Kashdan, R. Biswas-Diener, L.A. King, Reconsidering happiness: the costs of distinguishing between hedonics
and eudaimonia, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3(4) 2008, 219-233.
[10] I. McGregor, B. R. Little, Personal projects, happiness, and meaning: on doing well and being yourself, Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 74(2) 1998, 494–512.
[11] K. Pöhlmann, B. Gruss, P. Joraschky, Structural properties of personal meaning systems: a new approach tomeasuring meaning of life, Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(3) 2006, 109–17.
[12] T. Rashid, Authentic happiness. Authentic Happiness. In S.J. Lopez, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of positive psychology, UK: Wiley-
Blackwell, 2009, 71-75
[13] M. Seligman, M. Csikszentmihalyi, Positive psychology – an introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1) 2000, 5–14.
[14] K. Sheldon, B. Fredrickson, K. Rathunde, M. Csikszentmihalyi, J. Haidt, Positive Psychology Manifesto, revised at the
Akumal 2 meeting, Mexico, January, 2000.
[15] M.F. Steger, Meaning in life. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Oxford handbook of positive psychology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2009. 679-687
[16] G.H. Tzeng, J. J. Huang, Multiple Attribute Decision Making Method and Applications, CRC press, 2011.
[17] J. Vitterso, Subjective wellbeing versus self-actualization: using the flow-simplex to promote a conceptual clarification of
subjective quality of life, Social Indicators Research, 65(3) 2004, 299–331.
[18] A.S. Waterman, Two conceptions of happiness: contrasts of personal expressiveness (eudaimonia) and hedonic
enjoyment, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(4) 1993, 678–691.
[19] P.T.P. Wong, Existential positive psychology. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Encyclopedia of positive psychology, Oxford, UK: Wiley
Blackwell. 1 2009, 361–368.
Volume 2, Issue 4
December 2021
Pages 60-67
  • Receive Date: 17 September 2021
  • Revise Date: 30 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 30 September 2021
  • First Publish Date: 13 October 2021