# A Linear Mathematical Model for the Transmission Dynamics of Diabetes Mellitus

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Lagos

2 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Nigerian Army University, Biu, Nigeria

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a global health problem, escalating at a disturbing rate due to unbalanced lifestyles and some underlying health issues. In this work, a system of first-order linear ordinary differential equations as well as numerical simulations were employed to gain insight into the dynamics of the disease. The theoretical outcome
of the analysis was derived in terms of the model parameters while computer simulation was used to assess the behavior of the model in terms of the parameter values. Both the theoretical and numerical studies of the model revealed lifestyles and effective treatment as the parameters to be targeted for effective reduction in both diabetes prevalence and mortality. It is therefore concluded that diabetes prevalence and mortality reduction is a function of adjustment in unbalanced lifestyles as well as improvement in diabetes treatment.

Keywords

Main Subjects

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### History

• Receive Date: 17 December 2022
• Revise Date: 01 May 2023
• Accept Date: 19 May 2023